National Flag and National Anthem of Brunei Darussalam

I was reading the program book that came together yesterday while attending the raising of the giant Brunei flag to mark the start of the 23rd National Day celebration. It contained a lot of information about our national flag and our national anthem. I thought I will share the information with everyone.

I have touched on the information about our national flag in my post about the flag in July last year. In a nutshell the yellow with white and black diagonals came about because of the colours of the standards of the principal signatories to the 1906 Agreement which were the colours of the Sultan (yellow), Pengiran Bendahara (white) and Pengiran Pemancha (black) while the red state crest was added on in 1959. Our national flag is 101 years old this year.

The information about the national anthem is equally interesting. After the end of the Second World War, a group of young Bruneians decided that just like any other country in the world, Brunei should have its own national anthem. Two of them were tasked with coming up with the song and the lyrics. The song was composed by Awang Besar Sagap (also known as Pengiran Ibrahim Pengiran Sagap) and the lyrics by Pengiran Haji Mohd Yusof (now known as Pengiran Setia Negara Pengiran Haji Mohd Yusof – he eventually became the Chief Minister or Menteri Besar from 1967 to 1972).

The anthem went through several refinements through the efforts of several Malay teachers especially Awang Haji Mohamed Sum. He was also credited to be the first to introduce the new national anthem to school children in the Malay schools in Pekan Brunei. Within a few weeks most school children were able to sing the national anthem.

Even though the national anthem was officially used in 1951 when Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien was the Sultan, it already received royal approval as it was unofficially used in 1947 when Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Ahmad Tajuddin attended a flag raising ceremony to commemorate the anniversary of the establishment of what may be considered as the first political grouping in Brunei known as BARIP (Barisan Pemuda Brunei).


Eric said…
Choosing the right perfume can be difficult and because it is also considered an intimate gift buying the wrong perfume can backfire on you and get you the opposite result of that which you hoped for.

The first thing you need to do is do some homework, meaning research. Look at your lady's perfume bottles, the ones that are nearly empty will be her favorites. If there is one there that is nearly full chances are she doesn't wear it often or doesn't like it. Hint around and ask her what types of fragrances she likes and dislikes.

Humans are very sensory oriented and our sense of smell is no different. Certain perfumes can elicit strong reactions in both the wearer and the person reacting to the scent. Perfumes are made not only to attract but to also relax someone. If you aren't totally sure what kind of perfume to buy you can always play it safe and get something in the aromatherapy line. If you go this route, bear in mind that vanilla scents are considered to relax and a peppermint or lemon scent will be more stimulating.
Anonymous said…
Hmmmm.... how was national anthem related with choosing a perfume?

Anyway, has anyone noticed that the lines in Brunei's national anthem are quite similar to the British's national anthem (God Save The Queen)?

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